You are planning thoroughly your visit to Kiev, surfing the internet for home elevators Kiev best sights, restaurants and night clubs, and thinking how exactly to plan your stay the best, what to see and where to go to… You are packing your new camera to be able to make beautiful photos of golden domes, Khreschatik Street and Kiev parks… You are thinking what to wear and checking weather forecast for the times of your visit… In a few days or weeks you will get to another world with smiling people, ancient brick streets, monuments and cathedrals…
Status: capital of Ukraine
Amount of regions: 10
Date of foundation: fifth century AD
Area: 839 km2
Elevation: 179 m above sea level
Geographical coordinates: latitude 50°27’N; longitude 30°30’E
Climate: moderate continental with mild winter and warm summer
Temperature: average Kiev temperature in January is 6 degrees below zero Celsius, average in June is 20 degrees above zero Celsius; lowest temperature in winter is 25 degrees below zero Celsius; highest temperature in summer is 32 degrees above zero Celsius.
Population: 2,6 million (2005)
Density: 3178 people/km2
Car code: AA
Phone code: +380 44
Kiev Mayor: Leonid Chernovetskiy (since 2006)
The legend says that there is a prince family of three brothers named Kiy, Schek and Khoryv and a brother Lybid. Kiy ruled a strong Slavic tribe and was buying place to be in a new house for his people. If they stumbled on the beautiful hills upon Dnepr river and saw wonderful panorama of blue river and seven hills covered with chestnut trees, they liked that place quite definitely and decided to be in there. They established a city and gave it the name Kiev in honour of their oldest brother Kiy a lot more than 1500 years ago. Prince Kiy and his family lived on one hill, Schek settled on another hill which got the mane Schekavitsa, and Khoryv settled on the next hill called Khorevitsa.
Since 882 Kiev became the capital on ancient powerful state called Kievan Rus. In 998 Kiev Prince Vladimir introduced Christianity in Kievan Rus by baptising Kiev population in Dnepr river. In 1240 the city was demolished by mongol-tatars who invaded Kievan Rus, and later it had been rebuilt. Since 1362 Kiev and major section of Ukraine belonged to Lithuania and Poland and in 1654 it became section of Russian Empire and then USSR.
In 1991 Ukrainian people voted for independence of Ukraine and Kiev became its capital. Since that time it is the middle of Ukraine’s political, economic and cultural life.
In November 2004 Kiev was the central place of Orange Revolution when a huge selection of a large number of Ukrainian people protested against election falsification in the streets and later elected another ruling party and the President of Ukraine.
Most visitors to Kiev prefer apartment or hotel accommodation. Kiev hotels provide security and a particular degree of service according for their level (three star, four star, five star), Kiev apartments allow greater privacy and flexibility. Average single room in Kiev hotel will cost $100-130 per night, while a 1-room apartment with all amenities will cost $40-60 depending on its location, space and extra facilities like jakuzzi, home cinema, etc.
Kiev sights rating
I suggest you to go to:
Golden Gate of Kiev – the ancient gate to Kiev, which will be now situated in its very center, it is constructed of wood and stone with a tiny golden dome above
St Sofia Cathedral – one of the most beautiful Kiev cathedrals with Bell Tower and chestnut trees across the cathedral
St Michael Cathedral – newly rebuilt cathedral with beautiful blue walls, ornament and large golden domes
St Vladimir Cathedral – cathedral in Kiev center where official orthodox religious ceremonies take place
St Andrew Church and Andrew Descent (Andreevskiy Spusk) – a favorite place with tourists with numerous souvenir booths, old brick descent, art galleries and museums
Kiev Cave Monastery (Lavra) – the ancient monastery where you can see the caves where monks lived in ancient times, several churches and the largest Bell tower in Kiev
Russian Art Museum and Ukrainian Art Museum – art connoisseurs will get much pleasure seeing masterpieces of world art in Kiev museums
Kiev Opera and Ballet Theater – a pleasurable connection with listening to reside classical music and watching dances
Pirogovo ethnic village – a way to see old village houses, windmills and household appliances of different Ukrainian regions
War Museum – you can see there numerous tanks and war airplanes and the gigantic metal statue of woman symbolizing Homeland
Kiev Botanic Garden – in spring and summer you can see there beautiful trees and blossoming flowers
Mariinsky Palace – a majestic palace where official government ceremonies take place, it is surrounded by green park with panorama of Dnepr and its left bank
Independence Square – the very central section of Kiev, from which the distances to other cities are calculated, it has a large underground shopping center, central Postoffice, banks and restaurants
Khreschatik Street – main street in Kiev where people can walk on the highway on Saturday and Sunday
Vladimir Mount – a park on the mount with large statue symbolizing Prince Vladimir with cross when he introduced Christianity and baptized Slavic people.
What things to wear
In the event that you arrived at Kiev in summer, it could be nice to take a summer jacket, jeans and T-shirts, sandals or baskets and probably shorts or dress for the case of heat. For spring or autumn it is way better to take a few warm things and a jacket. For the winter you will need a winter coat or even a warm jacket, a few sweaters, a scarf, gloves and cap.
In the event that you go in a very church or cathedral, women have to cover their head with a shawl, while men need to remove their hats.
Eating at restaurants in Kiev
To test delicious Ukrainian cuisine we recommend you the next Kiev restaurants:
Pervak restaurant – a medium-price restaurant situated in 2, Rognedinskaya St. You can taste borsch and vareniks, small pies and various meat and fish dishes. The dinner will run you about $30-50 per person depending on the food and drinks you choose.
Taras restaurant – situated in Shevchenko park near major Kiev Museums, near Kiev University. You can order various pancakes along with national cuisine dishes. The dinner will run you $35-55.
USSR restaurant – located near Kiev War Museum and Kiev Lavra Monastery in 42/1 Sichnevogo Povstannya St. and decorated with USSR symbolics. The dinner will run you $35-55.
Puzata Khata (Big Bellied House) junk food restaurant which combines original interior in peasant house style, tasty Ukrainian food, vast choice of dishes and low prices. It is situated in very center, 1/2a Basseinaya St., in the beginning of Khreschatik. Here you can look at traditional Ukrainian pampushky, Chicken Kiev, different salads and main courses. On the initial floor you can also pick one numerous cakes and even order fresh made juice. The dinner cost is $3-10 per person.
Zdorovenky Buly (Good Health to You)
That’s a popular junk food restaurant located near Khreschatik metro station which probably has the largest choice of different foods: salad bar, pancakes, varenyky, pizzas, soups, tasty desserts. Its comfortable rooms are decorated in various styles: Chinese, Indian, Egyptian and Greek. It also offers Tea bar with cakes where you can sit and talk. Dinner: $3-10 per person.