Breast cancer is one of many widely covered cancers in media across the world. Actually many of us have learned about it through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone learn about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The clear answer is “no.” These awareness programs have already been going on for many years on national and international levels now, but nevertheless you will find millions of people all over the world that are clueless about the condition, doubtful over the right measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including the people who know a little about the condition, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men can also develop breast cancer. That is perhaps why it is important all of us are well- informed on the condition and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What is Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer can be defined as a condition when cells in the body multiply abnormally and do not behave like normal cells. Each cell in our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad an absolute life, and when body cells do not complete their life-cycles and do not die in due course, they might multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect the same, resulting in the forming of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), which could affect just how surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To learn about breast cancer, we should have a notion of the typical anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands included; these glands are connected to your skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues across the ducts and glands are generally made up of fat. The remaining breasts includes blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which can be found all across your body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to another elements of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are present in one of many breasts or both, the situation is named breast cancer. Based on the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer can have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is when the disease hasn’t invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located within the breast. At stage 1, cancer is less than 2 centimeters in proportions and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or if it is more than 2cm in proportions (and less than 5cm) without any penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are known as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are always more than 5cm and spread across other parts of body as well.
In its last stage, which can be stage 4, cancer has already spread through another organs of your body, such as for instance, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across another organs of your body through lymph nodes, which are also present in various organs in the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what’s it that triggers breast cancer? What’re the risk factors? The clear answer is you will find no definite factors behind breast cancer therefore; the risk factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity can also be one of many risk factors along with regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose nearest and dearest have already been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more prone to develop it. The majority of women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have found that regular physical exercise and exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer by half. Exercise can also help overcome the aftermaths of the condition and improves quality of life of people with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption are also common risk factors as they are directly associated with obesity. The best way to prevent it’s to have the breasts examined regularly by a specialist, especially after 30, and have them checked every time a lump is present in one of many breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it can be cured easily or removed even before it starts to grow within the breasts. It’s, therefore, advised all women manage to get thier breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially ladies in their thirties and older. Rarely, there’s possible cancer runs in the family by which case genetic testing must check whether a family member will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that not totally all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it’s equally important to have them examined by a specialist. In most cases lumps are not cancerous, but it’s difficult to tell what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, some other tests follow to ascertain the possibility of cancer. One may be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to tell the possibility of cancer. There are several options for treatment available even when one is located positive. Specialists decide upon the best option based on their investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People must not fear going with their doctor and getting themselves examined for the fear of being tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations do not guarantee the clear presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the possibility of cancer. Most of the times individuals are tested negative. So, one should not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.